Movie Colour Palette
Movie Colour Palette

How to Create a Movie Colour Palette (Step-by-Step Guide)

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A movie colour palette helps create the tone and mood of the story. Have you ever watched a film and noticed that it has a distinctive look? For example, consider green in The Matrix (1999) or yellow in Kill Bill (2003).

These are intentional design decisions made by the director, DOP and other visual departments during pre-production

Understanding how and when to use colour in your films will make you a better filmmaker. So, we have created an in-depth guide on making a colour palette with the films of Wes Anderson colours as examples.

What is a Movie Colour Palette?

Initially, there was no colour during the early stages of filmmaking, only black and white. However, some filmmakers still tried to create colour by painting directly on the film reel.

By doing this, they would make a hue effect that would enhance the emotion of a scene.

So by the 1950s, when colour film was available, it was well-known that colour was an important tool for enhancing a story.

How Does It Work?

Firstly, there is a strong relationship between colour and emotion. We are made to have different reactions when we see colours. For example, a blue shade can calm us, and red can cause anxiety.

Another example is a dislike of blue colours in foods as humans have evolved to avoid eating certain colours in case of poisoning. 🤢

These are both mental and cultural effects built in our brains. As a result, we can use them to help create emotion in a scene.

Colour wheel
Colour Wheel Diagram

Then there is a colour wheel which is a collection of colour hues around a circle. Basically, it shows the relationships between primary and secondary colours.

On the wheel, the colours on the opposite side contrast vividly against one another. So for example, if you want to make a character stand out, you can put them in a red coat against a green background. 

Most importantly, the film’s genre and the filmmakers involved will determine the colour palette to use. So it’s typical to decide on a handful of colours and use them continuously throughout the film.

Now let’s look at each individual colour and what emotions they create…

Colour Palette Breakdown

Red = love, excitement,  anger, energy, power, pain, violence, danger

Blue = peace, hope, faith, truth, calm, cold, loneliness, sadness

Yellow = happiness, summer, youth, naïve, caution, anxiety, venom

Orange = warmth, happiness, joy, autumn, alert, exotic, toxic

Green = nature, health, fresh, luck, technology, jealousy, poison

Purple = wisdom, faith, fantasy, royalty, magic, power, death

Wes Anderson Colours

Firstly, there is no filmmaker that has a more iconic movie colour palette than Wes Anderson. You could take a frame from any of his films and you would know who made it.

Wes Anderson’s colours tend to be more pastel tones with featured pinks, yellows and pale blues. As a result, these colours and his symmetrical framing make him a unique director with a distinctive style.

The Royal Tenenbaums (2001)

The Royal Tenenbaums Wes Anderson colours

In Wes Anderson’s most famous film, every character has a colour dedicated to them. Chas, who is angry, always wears his iconic red Adidas tracksuit. Whereas Margot, who is sad, always wears a pale blue dress, fur coat and eyeliner, even during flashbacks of her as a child.

In addition to this, the film has a washed orange tone giving it a warm, sentimental look.

Moonrise Kingdom (2012)

Moonrise Kingdom film colour palette

The Wes Anderson colours in this film are blue, yellow and orange. In addition, the film colour palette in every scene has a pale yellow hue. As a result, this adds to the film’s youthful tone, which focuses on the life of two children in the 1980s.

Also, because it’s set in the past, this tone also makes the film feel timeless and nostalgic.

The Grand Budapest Hotel (2014)

The Grand Budapest Hotel Wes Anderson colour palette

In the Grand Budapest Hotel, perhaps his most stylish of films, there is a real mixed colour palette with pinks, blues, reds and purples. Colour contrast is used widely throughout the film, for example, the red hotel walls against the purple jackets of the staff.

Also, the hotel location is an escape with its dreamy colours compared to the stark blue and white of the real world.

Looking for more examples of the Wes Anderson colours? Check out this great video from Studio Binder.

Creating a Movie Colour Palette

When it comes to choosing a colour palette for your project, it pays to give it some thought. One way to get started is to create a mood board. It’s an easy way to collect some images together that represent the feeling of your movie. Here is a quick breakdown of the full process.

1. Pre-Production

Firstly, during early pre-production, the director and head of departments will have meetings. In these meetings, the director needs to share their creative vision. To do this, they will create:

You can either pick a colour hue for the whole film or select a colour for each location and character. Once everyone is on the same page, the pre-production planning can begin. This includes the following:

  • Making sets
  • Finding locations
  • Creating costumes
  • Hiring equipment

Throughout this process, all departments keep an eye on the movie colour palette and keep it consistent. 

2. Production

Secondly, during production, each visual department, will all think about the use of colour. This could mean changing an actor’s costume if it doesn’t fit their character or using colour lighting to create a mood. On a film set, the colour palette is a team effort between the following crew members:

3. Post-Production

Lastly, in post-production, the colour in each scene is enhanced with colour grading. This is when you alter levels, curves, tones and shades of colours in each shot.

This might be a quick fix such as changing the colour of an object or it could be adding a certain hue in every shot to give the film an overall cinematic look. 

So when you think about it, colour is a very important part of making a film. It covers all aspects of what is on screen, and many directors and DOPs take the colour theory very seriously.

Here is another quick video from The Cinema Cartography about the importance of colour in storytelling.

Wrapping Up – Movie Colour Palette

In short, the movie colour palette can completely change the tone and mood of a film. All visuals play a part in telling the story and creating the entire world of the film.

Next time you watch a movie, consider that every colour is a deliberate choice. Ask yourself these questions:

  • How do these colours represent the characters and emotions in the story?
  • Have the filmmakers followed genre conventions or created their own palette?
  • Are the colours contrasting, or does each character have a dedicated colour scheme?
Amy Clarke
Amy Clarke
I blog about Careers in the Film Industry. Former Script Supervisor.

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