In this article, we look at different types of sound design and how to use them in your film to help bring it to life. To begin, we’ll answer the all-important question…
What is Sound Design?
Sound design is an essential element of the filmmaking process. It’s how filmmakers set the mood, define the atmosphere of a scene and make their visual stories come alive. Good sound design creates truly immersive experiences for audiences.
Sound in film is just as important as the visuals. There are five fundamental ways sound designers produce and refine the perfect audio for their productions:
- Sound effects
- Foley sound
If you want to develop your skills as a sound designer, here’s what you need to know about them.
Epidemic Sound now provides a 30-day free trial where you can get access to their full library. That’s 35,000 royalty-free tracks and 90,000 premium sound effects for free! 🙌
1. Sound Effects
Firstly, we have sound effects. When it comes to sound design, especially sound in film, sound effects are crucial. They add realism to your visual content, give context to your storyline and determine the mood of each moment. Also, there is a range of sound effect techniques that sound designers use to achieve their vision for a certain scene.
For example, if a sound designer is looking to heighten a sense of drama, or build suspense in a story. A scary movie isn’t half as scary if you can’t hear a door eerily creaking open, or footsteps approaching an unaware protagonist. Sound effects are how you make these moments come alive.
Also, there are plenty of tips and tricks you can use to take SFX sound design to the next level. Layering sound effects or adding transients from another sound are great ways to ensure your sound design is original and packs a punch.
The same goes for ambient noise. Designing the perfect pitter-patter of rain, howling wind, or waves lapping against the shoreline, enable audiences to feel fully emerged in a visual environment. By adjusting the filter, cutoff and resonance, you can create bespoke ambient noise that enhances the mood of your movie.
2. Foley Sound Design
Secondly, also falling under the ‘sound effects’ umbrella, is Foley. This technique is vital in any discussion of what sound design really is about. It’s often performed by a Foley artist to recreate specific sound effects to fit the visuals. Foley is added in post-production, just after the video editing stage.
Foley sound is one of the most important narrative tools that filmmakers have at their disposal. These bespoke sound effects greatly add to the realism of the story. They also enable filmmakers to achieve naturalness in their audio and fully immerse their audience.
Foley sound design is so important that sound designers can establish entire careers in creating Foley sound in film. In fact, the name Foley owes itself to Jack Foley, the first sound designer to use the technique back in the 1920s.
That said, you don’t need to be an expert Foley artist to use it to elevate your films. Experimenting with producing new sound effects or even just recording everyday sounds around will give you truly unique sound effects. Just grab your mobile phone or recording device, get out there and capture all the sounds that inspire you.
Sound effects are small pieces of the puzzle that come together to create amazing sound in film — but the soundtrack is the icing on the cake. Music in film can be used in many different ways to tell and elevate a story. Even the first silent movies maximized the power of music to enhance the storyline and evoke emotion in the absence of dialogue. Where phonograph recordings couldn’t be added, live music was played to accompany the film.
The perfect background music sets the scene and mood, but it can also be used to represent a character’s feelings, emotions, and even alert the audience to situations that the characters aren’t aware of. Selecting the right soundtrack for your film or content can truly transform it and there are plenty of ways you can make a unique soundtrack.
Try using different editing effects across your music and don’t be afraid to mix it up. If a plug-in effect has been designed with vocals in mind, take a risk and try it on a bassline. You’ll be surprised by how easy it is to create unique music that’s perfect for your film by just thinking outside the box.
Sound in film isn’t just about sound effects and background music it also includes all the dialogue that’s spoken on screen. Dialogue in film is essential for adding realism, defining characteristics and personalities, advancing the narrative, and explaining key information about a storyline.
As dialogue is commonly the focus of a scene the audience will hang on to every word. For that reason, sound designers need to know exactly what they are doing. That means achieving perfect synchronization and layering dialogue with other aspects of sound design.
In most cases, dialogue needs to be crystal clear. To achieve this and get rid of any unwelcome background noise, practice isolating the necessary audio and using fades. Fading your intro and outro, as well as using crossfades to stitch your chosen regions together helps dialogue to flow seamlessly.
Lastly, when exploring the question ‘what is sound design?’ mixing plays a huge role. It’s one of the most important jobs a sound designer must undertake.
Mixing involves a unique set of skills that sound designers must hone and apply to ensure all the components of sound design fit together smoothly. Successfully layering the fundamentals of sound design enables filmmakers to achieve a fully cinematic experience.
A great tip for every mixing session is to record everything you create in an audio file. Just by playing around, you can stumble across unique sounds that are perfect for your film or your future creations.
To sum up, we’ve established what sound design is and explored how it can be used to take your film to the next level however there is always room for artistic expression.
While these fundamentals enable you to start using sound design, just like any creative process there is always room to experiment and explore techniques to make the audio experience of your films your own. Always keep your eyes (and ears) open for innovative ways to inspire yourself and immerse your audience with sound.