Film Career Guide: What Is a Costume Designer?
In this article, we look at the role of the costume designer and also the importance of costume in film.
The costume designer creates and hires costumes for the actors. Great costume design boosts the production value and the right costume can enhance the film’s story and the actor’s performance.
Unquestionably, costume design is an integral part of visual storytelling.
Below we have broken down the job role of movie costume designers. Also, check out our other film career guides for information on different crew roles.
What Is a Costume Designer
Firstly, the costume designer is the head of the wardrobe department. They lead a team of supervisors, tailors, designers, and assistants. The size of the department depends on the film’s overall budget.
The costume designer in film must not only translate the director’s vision on screen but also do this within budget. Costume in film is one of the many visual tools a director can use to tell the story.
The choice of costume conveys the character’s personality and emotional journey. The costumes you use say a lot about a character, not to mention the use of colour theory.
For example, many films use colour to determine the intentions of a character. The good guy might wear white and the bad guy black.
Costume Designer Responsibilities
Movie costume designers, begin their work in early pre-production. Firstly, they will read the script, make notes and complete a script breakdown.
If the film takes place in a specific period, there will be a lot of research. They will create sketches, mood boards and then rough designs to show the director. The costume designer in film hires and manages their team. Lastly, there will be costume fittings and test shots before filming.
- Reads the script, completes a script breakdown
- Researches and sketches costume ideas
- Attends meetings with all department heads
- Design, make and hire all costumes
- Makes sure that the outfits fit the actors
Once production starts the costume designer is always on set. Their team will help dress, clean and mend the actor’s costumes. After all, actors and extras will need outfits for every story day on set. The bulk of the job is complete once the production starts. After the wrap, they return any hired costumes in good condition.
- Stays on set to watch over costumes
- Manages the costume department
- Mends, cleans, repairs costume if needed
- Makes sure to return any hired costumes
Education & Skills
To be a costume designer in film, you don’t need to have a formal education. However, a degree in film, fashion design, art, or graphic design would teach you useful skills. Even more, the job requires a range of practical skills from sewing, styling, mending, organisation and attention to detail.
It’s typical to learn and develop your skills when on the job. Most costume designers begin as trainees or take apprenticeships. You can find placements through companies such as Screenskills, BBC, PACT and Creative Assess.
Additionally, movie costume designers need to work as a team. The majority of costume design is research, and you will need to handle a wide range of designs.
The costume designer can work throughout film, TV and theatre. It’s typical to start at the bottom of the ladder before working up to a designer. You might also be able to find an apprenticeship or trainee placement.
Costume in film, is a competitive department, and you might need work experience before you find a paid position. Many filmmakers begin their careers by working on student and low budget films.
Additionally, you will need to build up a portfolio to demonstrate your skills. You can do this independently by creating your designs with software like Adobe Illustrator, or hand-drawn sketches.
A costume designer is a self-employed freelance job role. This means that you will negotiate your pay rate per project. Unions such as BECTU, The Costume Society and The Production Guild can provide pay rate advice.
Generally, you would start on a lower wage and work your way up to more responsibility.
Like all film crew roles, your salary changes widely with production budget. On significant feature films costume in film crew can make between £300-£400 per day.
However, on lower budgets, this can go down to £150-£200 per day.
Curious to know what other crew jobs role salaries are on film and television sets? Check out our updated chart of film production crew rates.
Wrapping Up – Costume Designer In Film
Costume design is a hands-on, creative career. If you have an interest in fashion, history, design, and storytelling, this career might be a good fit for you.
Do you have any questions about movie costume designers?
Let us know in the comments section below.